With all these Pro-Palestinian protests happening around the world and hearing about the latest attacks on Gaza, many people begin to wonder what started this conflict.

The conflict began in 1948 when the Jewish National Council proclaimed the State of Israel and the British withdrew from Palestine. Following this historical mark, in 1949 Israel signed an Armistice Agreement with neighbouring countries, Syria, Lebanon, Egypt and Jordan.

During the period between 1948 and 1966, over 400 Israelis were killed by Arab soldiers, gangs and infiltrations, while the Israeli army, the Lavon Affair and an Israeli company led by Ariel Sharon killed over 1,500 Arab soldiers and civilians.

Egypt took control of the Suez Canal in July 1956 which followed Israel launching an attack on Egypt’s Sinai Peninsula with the intention to end the Egyptian government’s support of ‘fedayeen‘ and European nations, Britain and France, had their economic interests too.

In 1967, Israel defeated Syrian, Egyptian, Jordanian and Iraqi combined forces whilst capturing the Sinai Peninsula, the Gaza Strip, the West Bank, East Jerusalem and the Golan Heights. Following the aftermath of an Australian Christian who set fire to the Al-Aqsa Mosque in 1969, King Faisal of Saudi Arabia called for a conference and demanded Israel give up the conquered Arab territory.

The Lod Airport Massacre in 1972 led to the Japanese Red Army, who were acting on behalf of Palestinian forces, to shoot at staff and passengers at the airport killing and injuring 102 people.

In 1973, Richard Nixon, the then US President, requested permission from the US Congress to allow the United States to deliver large amounts of weapons to Israel. This angered the Arab nations and in response, King Faisal of Saudi Arabia immediately stopped oil shipments from Saudi Arabia to the United States, and the Netherlands joined this embargo.

In 1978, Israeli Prime Minister and Egyptian President signed the Camp David Accord, which consisted of Israel agreeing withdrawal from the Sinai Peninsula and future negotiations over the Gaza strip and the West Bank.

The Palestinian National Council proclaimed the independent state of Palestine in 1987

Yitzhak Rabbin was elected as Israeli Prime Minister in 1992  and in 1993 signed with Yasser Arafat the Declaration of Principle on Interim Self-Government. Yitzhak Rabbin was assassinated by Jewish extremist Yigul Amir in 1995.

During the period of 1991-2000, over 550 Palestinians and 170 Israelis were killed by the Israeli Army, these were Israeli civilians and Palestinians.

United Nations certified full Israeli withdrawal from Southern Lebanon in 2000

Ariel Sharon refused to continue the peace negotiation with Yasser Arafat, in 2001.

In 2003, the International Court of Justice stated that the Israeli West Bank wall was illegal under international law and the UN agreed stating that the wall was “an unlawful annexation”. However, Australia and the United States defended Israel and the wall and stated that it was necessary to “fight terrorism”.

the Israeli-Palestinian conflict continues to toll more and more deaths everyday. On the 8th July 2014, Israel declared attack on the civilians of Palestine claiming they were fighting terrorism following the deaths of three Israeli boys whose bodies were discovered on the West Bank. Between the 8th and 19th July, over 300 Palestinians, mostly children and women, have been killed by missiles from Israel and over 2,000 have been injured. This is compared with several Israelis who have been injured and one dead, by the retaliation of the Palestinians.

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