Hedge funds are one of the best financial strategies to make money consistently. Not just anybody can work in them and not just anybody can invest in them either. In every sense of the word, they are exclusive clubs that do things their own way. Hedge fund managers are the cool kids on the block. In order to even be considered for the job, they must show a history of being incredibly knowledgeable, employ savvy techniques, and hold nerves of steel.

Since hedge funds account for a very small percentage of the investment money that’s floating around the stocks and markets in the world, it’s intriguing to know how they get their way. The most successful hedge funds will bring in huge profits compared to most other financial entities. They punch far above their own weight and size which is why they’re such a lucrative investment for the clients lucky enough to qualify. They have the premise already in their favour as you can only be accepted if you meet the standards of wealth and experience. But how hedge funds make their client’s wealth is the fascinating part.

Margin call

Hedge funds flex their muscles in the financial world by using leverages tactics. One of the more common tactics a hedge fund will use to make money is to buy securities on margin. The hedge fund has a margin account which is money that has been borrowed from a broker. Brokers are much more likely to lend money to a hedge fund because they already know they can trust the fund more so than other borrowers. Using the margin account, the hedge fund will then go on to buy securities, i.e., stocks and/or bonds. This obviously has to be done with the prior knowledge of the security the fund will scoop up as the prospects of the return will need to be calculated. When the stocks rise in price due to the company they are from succeeding and having a good financial quarter or product launch, the fund sells the stocks. Paying back the broker and keeping the profits is one way hedge funds make money for their investors.

An option to buy

Hedge funds use derivative trading to garner profits for their investors. Swaps, futures, and options are just some of the types that qualify as being derivatives. If the hedge fund manager has done their homework on a stock and expects it to rise in price, he or she can purchase the stock with a call option. This means the manager can buy the number of shares that they numbered at the price they are presently before the set date agreed to. If the manager purchases 2,000 shares of a stock that is currently selling for $50, the risk is $100,000. However, with the use of algorithmic trading software, the manager can perform backtests to see what the results may look like if the market were to go in a certain direction, i.e., his/her guess. The software also provides the option of strategy development by using 18 different scripts to gain a complex view of the possibilities. Using the information to then make or break the manager waits it out. If the stock does go up, it is bought at a lower price and then sold at the now higher price making a profit. However, if the stock plummets, the fund has only lost the premium that was paid to ring fence that stock.

Temperament of the manager

Unlike most other investor types, the hedge fund manager is dealing with high-risk situations all the time. This means their temperament comes into question for a lot of their clients. It’s clear that nerves of steel are required as even with all the cutting-edge software to help them, they need to make judgment calls when to buy and when to sell while the stakes are high. Psychologically speaking, the temperament traits required all matter toward the type of investments that are made and how. Narcissism and getting too emotionally involved in a trade are without a shadow of a doubt detrimental to being a hedge fund manager. But contrary to popular belief, being a psychopath with tendencies to overly-risky investments is even worse.

Hedge funds get their way because of two things mainly. The hedge fund manager is the person who sits atop of the fund and must be able to guide all investments with knowledge, wisdom, bravery, and experience. At the same time, he or she must become an expert at leveraging to gain the highest profits. Derivative trading is a prime example of using modern technology and studying the markets to time the execution of investments.

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